combination of iron chloride and polyacrylamide as

Combination of Iron Chloride and Polyacrylamide as

Combination of Iron Chloride and Polyacrylamide as Coagulant-Flocculants to Remove Pollutants in Dye Wastewater

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iron coagulant - an overview | sciencedirect topics

Iron Coagulant - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The most common aluminum coagulants are aluminum sulfate, aluminum chloride, and sodium aluminate. Iron coagulants include ferric sulfate, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride, and ferric chloride sulfate [4]. Coagulant effectiveness relies on its ability to form multicharged polynuclear complexes with enhanced adsorption characteristics.

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improvement of coagulation–flocculation process using

Improvement of coagulation–flocculation process using

Optimal dose of anionic polyacrylamide: 25 mg l −1 when ferric sulphate is used as coagulant, 75 mg l −1 when the coagulant is aluminium sulphate and 20 mg l −1 for PAX-18. The results obtained are affected to a marked degree by pH.

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improvement of coagulation-flocculation process using

IMPROVEMENT OF COAGULATION-FLOCCULATION PROCESS USING

There is a broad range of combinations of coagulants and coagulant aids commonly used in wastewater treatment. In this study, three products were used as coagulants and one as coagulant aid. The coagulants chosen were Fe2(SO4)3 and Al2(SO4)3·18H2O, products that are traditionally used in the coagulation-flocculation treatment of wastewaters, and

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improvement of coagulation-flocculation process using

Improvement of coagulation-flocculation process using

Coagulants are used to accelerate these mechanisms. However, existing coagulants (e.g., polyacrylamide, polyaluminum chloride) are known to have harmful effects in the environment and on human health.

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a comparison of aluminum and iron-based coagulants

A Comparison Of Aluminum And Iron-based Coagulants

concentration of coagulant and was the least effective coagulant at removing color. The traditional iron-based coagulants and alum had low turbidity removals and they were often observed to add turbidity to the water. PACl and ACH had similar percent removals for color

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coagulation and flocculation in water and wastewater

Coagulation and Flocculation in Water and Wastewater

The iron coagulants include ferric sulfate, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride and ferric chloride sulfate. Other chemicals used as coagulants include hydrated lime and magnesium carbonate. The effectiveness of aluminum and iron coagulants arises principally from their ability to form multi-charged polynuclear complexes with enhanced adsorptioncharacteristics. The nature of the complexes formed may be controlled by the pH of the system.

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flocculants and coagulants | chemtreat, inc.

Flocculants and Coagulants | ChemTreat, Inc.

Inorganic coagulant treatment is particularly effective on raw water with low turbidity (total suspended solids concentration) and will often treat this type of water when organic coagulants cannot. Once added to water, inorganic coagulant chemicals react with the alkalinity and hydrate to form metal (aluminum or iron) hydroxide precipitates, which act as a sweep-floc mechanism.

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can different types of polyacrylamide polymer be mixed

Can Different Types Of Polyacrylamide Polymer Be Mixed

Facing some more complex sewage, we usually need use many kinds of flocculants, such as in industrial water treatment adding the poly aluminium chloride as a coagulant first, then adding the polyacrylamide polymer to achieve better treatment effect, polyacrylamide manufacturer to remind you that it is important to note order, and the interval between drug delivery time.

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evaluation of cationic polyacrylamide-based hybrid

Evaluation of cationic polyacrylamide-based hybrid

In order to grasp its removal behavior and further improve the removal efficiency of DON in the future, we evaluated the effect of a hybridized coagulant of polyacrylamide with iron-based coagulant on removal of aquatic DON. A higher floc growth rate (119.82 μm/min) and recovery factors (26.96) were found in the hybrid coagulation.

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on the importance of ph value in coagulation | journal

On the importance of pH value in coagulation | Journal

In the case of coagulants that consume alkalinity, and thus might initiate reduction in alkalinity and pH value (e.g., coagulants based on iron and aluminium, including pre-hydrolysed coagulants), the resultant pH is dependent on the dosage of the coagulant applied.

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ep0905091a1 - starch/cationic polymer combinations as

EP0905091A1 - Starch/cationic polymer combinations as

EP0905091A1 EP19980307846 EP98307846A EP0905091A1 EP 0905091 A1 EP0905091 A1 EP 0905091A1 EP 19980307846 EP19980307846 EP 19980307846 EP 98307846 A EP98307846 A EP 98307846A EP 0905091 A1 EP0905091 A1 EP 0905091A1 Authority EP European Patent Office Prior art keywords starch characterized method polymer quaternary salt Prior art date 1997-09-29 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption

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anionic polyelectrolyte/polyacrylamide coagulant aid

Anionic Polyelectrolyte/Polyacrylamide Coagulant Aid

Combination of anionic polyelectrolyte and novel. ferric-silicate-chloride coagulants and an anionic polyelectrolyte (Magnafloc-LT 25) as the flocculant aid for the treatment of water or wastewater samples. Furthermore, the combination of coagulant and polyelectrolyte in one unique reagent was examined in order to increase further their

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coagulants and flocculants fact sheet

Coagulants and flocculants fact sheet

Aluminium and iron coagulants (like aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH) and ferric chloride) contribute trivalent aluminium ions, Al 3+ and trivalent iron ions, Fe 3+ respectively. Schultz in 1882 and Hardy in 1900, demonstrated the greater the charge of the cation, the greater the effectiveness of charge neutralisation. The

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coagulation and rapid mixing - oregon

Coagulation and Rapid Mixing - Oregon

coagulants. 2. Coagulant Aids and Enhanced Coagulants: Coagulant aids and enhanced coagulants add density to slow-settling floc and help maintain floc formation (California State University, 1994). Organic polymers, such as polyaluminum hydroxychloride (PACl), are typically used to enhance coagulation in combination with a primary coagulant. The

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polyacrylamide degradation and its implications

Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications

Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in environmental systems. aluminum or iron salts, often in combination with high process using anionic polyacrylamide as coagulant aid.

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enhanced coagulation-flocculation performance of iron

Enhanced Coagulation-Flocculation Performance of Iron

Introduction. Coagulation-flocculation is a widely used technology which separates impurities from polluted water bodies. Coagulants typically adopted for water treatment are inorganic iron and aluminum salts [1–3].In addition to Al-base coagulants, Fe-based coagulants such as Fe 2 (SO 4) 3 and FeCl 3 have been increasingly favored due to their non-toxicity, larger flocs size, superior

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study on the factors affecting coagulation

Study on the factors affecting coagulation

Table1 : Combination of the best two coagulants. I Aluminium sulphate 1 Ferric chloride l Turbidity l % Solids 1 The comparison between the coagulants is shown in fig.3. The best coagulant was aluminium sulphate. It achieved a final turbidity of 3.17 NTU at pH 7. With the femc chloride turbidity of 4.55 NTU was obtained at pH 4.12. The

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a novel preparation method of polyaluminum chloride

A novel preparation method of polyaluminum chloride

Inorganic/organic composite coagulants have drawn a wide attention through the years owing to its superior coagulation behaviors. In this study, polyaluminum chloride (PAC)/polyacrylamide (PAM) composite coagulant was synthesized by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation by using PAC and acrylamide (AM) as raw materials, urea as a solubilizer, and 2,2′‐Azobis[2‐(2‐imidazolin‐2‐yl)propane

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coagulants and flocculants fact sheet

Coagulants and flocculants fact sheet

Aluminium and iron coagulants (like aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH) and ferric chloride) contribute trivalent aluminium ions, Al 3+ and trivalent iron ions, Fe 3+ respectively. Schultz in 1882 and Hardy in 1900, demonstrated the greater the charge of the cation, the greater the effectiveness of charge neutralisation. The

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us6042732a - starch/cationic polymer combinations as

US6042732A - Starch/cationic polymer combinations as

US6042732A US09/292,461 US29246199A US6042732A US 6042732 A US6042732 A US 6042732A US 29246199 A US29246199 A US 29246199A US 6042732 A US6042732 A US 6042732A Authority US United States Prior art keywords starch polymer method sup combination Prior art date 1997-09-29 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.

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polymer: more than you ever wanted to know - tramfloc, inc.

Polymer: More Than You Ever Wanted to Know - Tramfloc, Inc.

iron salts at pH between 4 and 13; aluminum salts at pH between 4.5 and 10; With each suspension, there is an optimum pH which has to be found in order to reach the optimum results. Evaluations are made with a jar test. Firstly, the amount of coagulant necessary to destabilize the suspension has to be determined:

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coagulation and rapid mixing - oregon

Coagulation and Rapid Mixing - Oregon

coagulants. 2. Coagulant Aids and Enhanced Coagulants: Coagulant aids and enhanced coagulants add density to slow-settling floc and help maintain floc formation (California State University, 1994). Organic polymers, such as polyaluminum hydroxychloride (PACl), are typically used to enhance coagulation in combination with a primary coagulant. The

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using polyaluminium coagulants in water treatment

USING POLYALUMINIUM COAGULANTS IN WATER TREATMENT

Polyaluminium chloride (PACl), Aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH), Coagulants, Water Treatment 1.0 INTRODUCTION Alum (aluminium sulphate) is the most commonly used coagulant in Australian water treatment plants, low cost being its major attraction. Alum however, has a number of disadvantages: ♦ limited coagulation pH range: 5.5 to 6.5,

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enhanced coagulation-flocculation performance of iron

Enhanced Coagulation-Flocculation Performance of Iron

Introduction. Coagulation-flocculation is a widely used technology which separates impurities from polluted water bodies. Coagulants typically adopted for water treatment are inorganic iron and aluminum salts [1–3].In addition to Al-base coagulants, Fe-based coagulants such as Fe 2 (SO 4) 3 and FeCl 3 have been increasingly favored due to their non-toxicity, larger flocs size, superior

Get Price
study on the factors affecting coagulation

Study on the factors affecting coagulation

Table1 : Combination of the best two coagulants. I Aluminium sulphate 1 Ferric chloride l Turbidity l % Solids 1 The comparison between the coagulants is shown in fig.3. The best coagulant was aluminium sulphate. It achieved a final turbidity of 3.17 NTU at pH 7. With the femc chloride turbidity of 4.55 NTU was obtained at pH 4.12. The

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coagulation and rapid mixing - oregon

Coagulation and Rapid Mixing - Oregon

coagulants. 2. Coagulant Aids and Enhanced Coagulants: Coagulant aids and enhanced coagulants add density to slow-settling floc and help maintain floc formation (California State University, 1994). Organic polymers, such as polyaluminum hydroxychloride (PACl), are typically used to enhance coagulation in combination with a primary coagulant. The

Get Price
enhanced coagulation-flocculation performance of iron

Enhanced Coagulation-Flocculation Performance of Iron

Introduction. Coagulation-flocculation is a widely used technology which separates impurities from polluted water bodies. Coagulants typically adopted for water treatment are inorganic iron and aluminum salts [1–3].In addition to Al-base coagulants, Fe-based coagulants such as Fe 2 (SO 4) 3 and FeCl 3 have been increasingly favored due to their non-toxicity, larger flocs size, superior

Get Price
evaluation of ferric chloride as a coagulant for cork

Evaluation of Ferric Chloride as a Coagulant for Cork

This is a two-part work on the chemistry of iron(III) as coagulant in the treatment of cork processing wastewater. The main aim of the first part was to determine the removal of organic matter as measured by reductions in chemical oxygen demand (COD), polyphenols (P), and aromatic compounds (A) that can be obtained using this physicochemical process.

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comparative study of the use of coagulants in biologically

Comparative study of the use of coagulants in biologically

Coagulation using ferric chloride with polyacrylamide gave high turbidity reductions from 132.4 Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU) to 2 NTU. Thus, in this study, ferric chloride at 100 mg/L, pH of 8 and with polyacrylamide (coagulant aid) dose of 100 mg/L, was used in treating POME from the aerated lagoon. References

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coagulation / flocculation process in the removal of trace

Coagulation / flocculation process in the removal of trace

coagulant used is ferric chloride, while the coagulant aid (polymer) is a non – ionic polyacrylamide. The dosages of ferric chloride used ranged between 0 and 500 mg/l, whereas polymer dosage varied between 0 and 100 mg/l. A six beaker Jar test was set up at room temperature for each trial. Each beaker contained I l of the wastewater.

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polyacrylamide – pam - polyaluminium chloride

Polyacrylamide – PAM - Polyaluminium Chloride

Polyacrylamide(PAM), often referred to as “polymer” or “flocculant”. It is a long chain, linear organic polymer made up of individual monomer units with the molecular formula of C3H5NO and molecular weights ranging from 3,000,000 to 30,000,000 Daltons. PAM is a dry white or light yellow powder similar in shape to table salt.

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